How turkey ate up forex resevers


In order to boost the already pressured Turkish lira, a policy of state bank sales of $128 billion was issued, but, in return, it depleted the foreign exchange reserves of the central bank. Following this, though the country appealed to foreign allies for new swap funding, it only secured very little.


Does Turkey have enough FX reserves to sell dollars?

Turkey doesn’t have sufficient FX reserves to sell substantial amount of dollars on a regular basis.” Gross reserves stand at $129 billion with $61 billions coming from the bank’s swap deals, according to latest data released on Nov. 19.

What’s happening to Turkey’s international reserves?

ISTANBUL, Dec 23 (Reuters) – The Turkish central bank’s net international reserves plunged to $12.16 billion as of December 17, levels last touched in May, from $21.17 billion a week earlier, data showed on Thursday reflecting recent open-market interventions.

What are foreign exchange reserves in Turkey?

In Turkey, Foreign Exchange Reserves refer to gross foreign exchange reserves held or controlled by the country’s central bank, excluding gold.

Does Turkey have enough reserves to stop capital outflows?

Franky speaking, Turkey does not have enough reserves to face a possible challenge of capital outflows. Particularly, it is the banking industry entangled with debt trap, and likely to hurt most.


Why forex reserves are increasing?

During the reporting week, the rise in forex reserves was due to an increase in the Foreign Currency Assets (FCA) and the gold reserves, according to the Weekly Statistical Supplement released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Friday.

What is the foreign reserve of Turkey?

The central bank has met the market’s need for at least $30 billion of forex since December through its reserves, in addition to direct interventions in the forex market in 2019-2020, when it sold $128 billion to support the lira. Its net forex reserves touched a record low of $7.55 billion before moving higher.

Which country has best forex reserves?

ChinaForeign currency reserves are vital to a nation’s economic well-being….10 Countries with the Biggest Forex Reserves.RankCountryForeign Currency Reserves (in billions of U.S. dollars)1China$3,222.4 (November 2021)2Japan$1,259.9 (January 2022)3Switzerland$1,033.84India$569.96 more rows

What happens when forex reserves increase?

A rise in foreign exchange reserves increases both liquid and total debt, while shortening debt maturity. To the extent that interest rates of foreign exchange reserves are low, an increase in foreign reserves also leads to a permanent decline in consumption.

Where does Turkey get its money?

With a population of 84.6 million as of 2021, Turkey is among the world’s leading producers of agricultural products, textiles, motor vehicles, transportation equipment, construction materials, consumer electronics and home appliances. $692 billion (Nominal, 2022 est.) $3.2 trillion (PPP, 2022 est.)

How much is turkey in debt?

In 2020, the national debt of Turkey amounted to around 146.38 billion U.S. dollars.

How much is Pakistan foreign reserve?

Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves this month fell to its lowest level since December 2019 to $16.376 billion, as per a media report.

What is the rank of India in forex reserve?

fifth biggestIndia is the fifth biggest holder of forex reserves at $600 billion with Russia holding the fourth rank at $607 billion, show data .

Which country has the most forex traders in Africa?

NigeriaIn terms of market size, Nigeria takes the pole position as the country with the most forex traders in Africa. According to, It is estimated that there is an active trading population of about 200,000. South Africa and Kenya come in second and third with 190,000 and 50,000 traders respectively.

How does RBI build forex reserves?

Reserve Bank of India accumulates foreign currency reserves by purchasing from authorized dealers in open market operations. Foreign exchange reserves of India act as a cushion against rupee volatility once global interest rates start rising.

How does a country increase foreign reserves?

For example, to maintain the same exchange rate if there is increased demand, the central bank can issue more of the domestic currency and purchase foreign currency, which will increase the sum of foreign reserves.

Why a country needs forex reserves?

Countries use foreign currency reserves to keep a fixed rate value, maintain competitively priced exports, remain liquid in case of crisis, and provide confidence for investors. They also need reserves to pay external debts, afford capital to fund sectors of the economy, and profit from diversified portfolios.

Turkey foreign exchange reserves Chart

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Turkey Foreign exchange reserves Statistics

Click here to explore the methodology used for estimating the Turkey foreign exchange reserves signals presented in the statistics table below.

Turkey foreign exchange reserves analysis

Turkey Foreign exchange reserves are assets held on reserve by a central bank in foreign currencies. These reserves are used to back liabilities and influence monetary policy. Explore MacroVar financial knowledge base structured by professional fund managers and economists.

Turkey foreign exchange reserves trend

Turkey foreign exchange reserves trend is in an uptrend when the last value is higher than its twelve-month moving average and its twelve-month moving average slope is positive (last twelve-month moving average is higher than the previous month twelve-month moving average) and vice-versa.

Turkey foreign exchange reserves momentum

Turkey foreign exchange reserves momentum is monitored by calculating its long-term year over year (Y/Y) return and its short-term month on month (M/M) return.

Global Trends

It is necessary to touch upon the global trends in foreign exchange reserves. From the beginning of 2000 to the beginning of 2008 global foreign exchange reserves rose from just under $2 trillion to more than $7 trillion. The emerging world accounted for most of the rise; its reserve holdings soared from less than $1 trillion to $4.7 trillion.

FX Reserves and Short-Term External Debt

The relationship between foreign exchange reserves and short-term external debt is hot topic for many economists. Guidotti-Greenspan rule is being widely used to determine that whether a country has enough reserves to resist a massive withdrawal of short term foreign capital.

Using Reserves to Stabilize Currency

Central banks use foreign currency reserves to keep their own currency from devaluing, just like the Central Bank of Turkey has done until the very last moment. Here is another chart telling the dramatic story of CBT’s reserve usage to stop Lira’s depreciating and how markets erase these interventions just in time.


Turkey is a country with one of the highest stock of short-term external debt ever recorded and insufficient foreign exchange reserves. What is more, Turkey is using its reserves to prevent lira from depreciating in which it has not become inarguably successful.

Latest data on Gold Reserves (Tonnes)

Gold Reserves in Turkey increased to 394 Tonnes in the forth quarter of 2021. The maximum volume of reserves was 583 Tonnes and minimum was 116 Tonnes

What is Turkey Gold Reserves?

Gold Reserves in Turkey increased to 394 Tonnes in the forth quarter of 2021. The maximum volume of reserves was 583 Tonnes and minimum was 116 Tonnes


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